Journal Articles

Below you will find a list of publications from the Biomaterials and Nanomedicine lab. Each listing includes a link to the Journal database if available. 

* Indicate students and researchers in Liu Lab


100. Tie D, Liu H, Guan RG, Holt-Torres P*, Liu Y, Wang Y, and Hort N. In vivo Assessment of Biodegradable Magnesium Alloy Ureteral Stents in a Pig Model. Acta Biomaterialia. Accepted 9/11/2020. Published Online 9/16/2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2020.09.023. (PMID: 32949824).

99. Lin J*, Nguyen NYH*, Zhang C*, Ha A**, and Liu H. Antimicrobial Properties of MgO Nanostructures on Magnesium SubstratesACS Omega. 2020, 5(38): 24613–24627. Published 9/18/2020. DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.0c03151. (PMID: 33015479) Note: ACS LiveSlides™ Presentation for this article "Antimicrobial Properties of MgO Nanostructures on Magnesium Substrates" is available via this link:

98. Lin J*, Wang Y, Sun D*, Xue H, Guan R, and Liu H. Microstructure of Biodegradable Zn-Fe Alloys and Mechanical and Corrosion Properties. JOM-Journal of the Minerals Metals & Materials Society. Accepted 07/28/2020. Published Online 8/25/2020. DOI: 10.1007/s11837-020-04317-y.

97. Jiang W*, Zhang C*, Tran L**, Wang S**, Hakim A**, and Liu H. Engineering Nano-to-Micron-Patterned Polymer Coatings on Bioresorbable Magnesium for Controlling Human Endothelial Cell Adhesion and Morphology. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering. Accepted 05/22/2020. DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.0c00642

96. Ozcelik B, Ergun C, and Liu H. A Study on Calcium Phosphate/Barium Titanate Composites: Phase Characterization, Piezoelectric Property, and Cytocompatibility. Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society. 56:1197-1216, 2020. Published online 11 May 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s41779-020-00468-y.

95. Drelich JW, Sikora-Jasinska M, Mostaed E, Liu H, Maier P, Seitz JM, and Hort N. Biodegradable Materials for Medical Applications II. JOM. 72: 1830-1832, 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s11837-020-04129-0. (PMID: 32368000)

94. Zhang C*, Wen TH, Razak KA, Lin J*, Xu C*, Seo C**, Villafana E**, Jimenez H**, and Liu H. Magnesium-based Biodegradable Microelectrodes for Neural Recording. Materials Science and Engineering: C. Volume 110, May 2020, 110614. Accepted 12/26/2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2019.110614.

93. Zhang C*, Lin J*, Nguyen N*, Guo Y, Xu C*, Seo C**, Villafana E**, Jimenez H**, Yang C, Guan R, and Liu H. Antimicrobial Bioresorbable Mg-Zn-Ca Alloy for Bone Repair in a Comparison Study with Mg-Zn-Sr Alloy and Pure Mg. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering. 6(1): 517-538. 2020. Accepted 12/9/2019. DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.9b00903.


92. Zhang N*, Xu C*, Azer A**, and Liu H. Dispersibility and Characterization of Polyvinyl Alcohol Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles in Poly(glycerol sebacate) for Biomedical Applications. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 21: 275. 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s11051-019-4725-9.

91. Cortez Alcaraz MC**, Cipriano AF*, Lin J*, Soria, P*, Tian Q*, and Liu H. Electrophoretic Deposition of Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles on Magnesium: Processing Parameters, Microstructures, Degradation, and Cytocompatibility. ACS Applied Bio Materials. 2(12): 5634-5652. 2019. DOI: 10.1021/acsabm.9b00714.

90. Raho R*, Nguyen, N*, Zhang N*, Jiang W*, Sannino A, Liu H, Pollini M, and Paladini F. Photo-assisted Green Synthesis of Silver Doped Silk Fibroin/Carboxymethyl Cellulose Nanocomposite Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 107: 110219. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2019.110219. (PMID: 31761177).

89. Guo P, Bagheri R, Ren T, Yang L*, Xu C, Lin J*, Liu H, Sun W, and Song Z. Corrosion Characteristics of Zinc-Zirconium Alloy in c-SBF and Its Biocompatibility in vitro/in vivo. Materials and Corrosion. Published August 27, 2019. DOI: 10.1002/maco.201911137.

88. Rutherford D*, Exarhos S, Xu C*, Niacaris M*, Mariano C*, Dayap B*, Mangolini L, and Liu H. Synthesis, Characterization, and Cytocompatibility of Yttria Stabilized Zirconia Nanopowders for Creating a Window to the Brain. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. Early View Published Online July 23, 2019. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.34445.

87. Zhang C*, Wen TH, Razak KA, Lin J*, Villafana E**, Jimenez H**and Liu H. Fabrication and Characterization of Biodegradable Metal Based Microelectrodes for In Vivo Neural Recording. MRS Advances. Volume 4, Issue 46-47 (Soft Materials and Biomaterials). pp. 2471-2477. Published online by Cambridge University Press, July 16, 2019. DOI: 10.1557/adv.2019.302.

86. Guan R, Jin H, Jiang W*, Wang X, Wang Y, Li Z, Zhang J, and Liu H. Quantitative Contributions of Solution Atoms, Precipitates and Deformation to Microstructures and Properties of Al−Sc−Zr alloys. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China. 29(5): 907-918, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/S1003-6326(19)65000-4.

85. Yang L*, Guo P, Niu Z, Li F, Song Z, Xu C, Liu H, Sun W, Ren T. Influence of Mg on the Mechanical Properties and Degradation Performance of As-extruded Zn-Mg-Ca alloys: In Vitro and In Vivo Behavior. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. 95: 220-231. Published online April 17, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.04.029.

84. Guo P, Li F, Yang L*, Bagheri R, Zhang Q, Li BQ, Cho K, Song Z, Sun W, and Liu H. Ultra-fine-grained Zn-0.5Mn Alloy Processed by Multi-pass Hot Extrusion: Grain Refinement Mechanism and Room-temperature Superplasticity. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 748: 262-266. Published March 4, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2019.01.089.

83. Narita K*, Tian Q*, Johnson I*, Zhang C*, Kobayashi E, and Liu H. Degradation Behaviors and Cytocompatibility of Mg/β‐Tricalcium Phosphate Composites Produced by Spark Plasma Sintering. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials. Accepted 23 December 2018. Published February 1, 2019. Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.b.34316. (PMID: 30707487)

82. Tian Q*, Lin J*, Rivera-Castaneda L*, Tsanhani A*, Dunn ZS*, Rodriguez A*, Aslani A, and Liu H. Nano-to-Submicron Hydroxyapatite Coatings for Magnesium-based Bioresorbable Implants – Deposition, Characterization, Degradation, Mechanical Properties, and Cytocompatibility. Scientific Reports. 9(1): 810. Accepted November 30, 2018. Published January 28, 2019. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-37123-3. (PMID: 30692582)

81. Ren T, Gao X, Xu C, Yang L*, Guo P, Liu H, Chen Y, Sun W, and Song Z. Evaluation of As‐extruded Ternary Zn–Mg–Zr Alloys for Biomedical Implantation Material: In vitro and In vivo Behavior. Materials and Corrosion. 2018;1–15. Published January 2, 2019. DOI: 10.1002/maco.201810648.


80. Jiang W*, Lin J*, Chen AH*, Pan J, and 
Liu H. A Portable Device for Studying the Effects of Fluid Flow on Degradation Properties of Biomaterials inside Cell Incubators. Regenerative Biomaterials. 6(1): 39-48, February 1, 2019. rby026, 1-10, 2018. Accepted 11/10/2018. Published 12/24/2018. DOI: 10.1093/rb/rby026. (PMID: 30740241)

Tian Q*, Zhang C*, Deo M*, Rivera-Castaneda L*, Masoudipour N*, Guan R, and Liu H. Responses of Human Urothelial Cells to Magnesium-Zinc-Strontium Alloys and Associated Insoluble Degradation Products for Urological Stent Applications. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 96:248-262, 2019. Available online 15 November 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2018.11.018.

Nguyen NT*, Grelling N*, Wetteland CL*, Rosario R*, and Liu H. Antimicrobial Activities and Mechanisms of Magnesium Oxide Nanoparticles (nMgO) against Pathogenic Bacteria, Yeasts, and Biofilms. Scientific Reports. Published November 2, 2018. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-34567-5. (PMID: 30389984)

77. Surmeneva⁠ MA, Ivanova⁠a AA, Tian⁠ Qiaomu*, Pittman Rebekah*⁠, Jiang W*, Lin⁠ J*, 
Liu H, and Surmenev⁠ RA⁠. Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Response to the RF Magnetron Sputter Deposited Hydroxyapatite Coating on AZ91 Magnesium Alloy. Materials Chemistry and Physics. 221: 89-98, 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2018.09.030.   

76. Wetteland CL*, Sanchez JDJ*, Silken CA*, Nguyen NYT*, Mahmood O*, and 
Liu H. Dissociation of Magnesium Oxide and Magnesium Hydroxide Nanoparticles in Physiologically Relevant Fluids. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 20: 215, 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s11051-018-4314-3.

75. Liang O, Wang P, Xia M, Augello C*, Yang F, Niu G, 
Liu H, and Xie YH. Label-free Distinction between p53+/+ and p53 -/- Colon Cancer Cells using a Graphene based SERS platform. Biosensors and Bioelectronics. 118: 108-114, 2018. DOI: 10.1016/j.bios.2018.07.038. (PMID: 30059864)

74. Zhang C*, Lin J*, and 
Liu H. Magnesium-based Biodegradable Materials for Biomedical Applications. MRS Advances. Volume 3, Issue 40 (Soft Materials and Biomaterials), pp. 2359-2364, 2018. DOI: 10.1557/adv.2018.488.

73. Lin J*, Tian Q*, Aslani A*, and Liu H. Characterization of Hydroxyapatite Coated Mg for Biomedical Applications. MRS Advances. Volume 3, Issue 40 (Soft Materials and Biomaterials), pp. 2385-2389, 2018. DOI: 10.1557/adv.2018.476.

72. Wetteland CL*, and
 Liu H. Optical and Biological Properties of Polymer-based Nanocomposites with Improved Dispersion of Ceramic Nanoparticles. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
. [Epub ahead of print] Jun 14, 2018. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.36466. (PMID: 29901266)

Jiang W*, Cipriano AF*, Tian Q*, Zhang C*, Lopez M*, Sallee A*, Lin A*, Alcaraz MCC*, Wu Y, Zheng Y, and Liu HIn Vitro Evaluation of MgSr and MgCaSr Alloys via Direct Culture with Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Acta Biomaterialia. pii:S1742-7061(18)30180-6. April 4 2018. [Epub ahead of print] DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2018.03.049. (PMID: 29626698)

Zhang C*, Driver N*, Tian Q*, Jiang W*, and Liu H. Electrochemical Deposition of Conductive Polymers onto Magnesium Microwires for Neural Electrode Applications. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. [Epub ahead of print] March 9, 2018. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.36385. (PMID: 29520971)


69. Tian Q*, Mendez JA*, Rivera-Castaneda L*, Mahmood O*, Showalter A*, Ang E*, Kazmi S*, and Liu H. Development of a Novel Loading Device for Studying Magnesium Degradation under Compressive Load for Implant Applications. Materials Letters. 1: 27-32, 2018. Available online 30 December 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2017.12.147.

68. Cipriano AF*, Lin J*, Lin A*, Sallee A*, Le B*, Cortez Alcaraz MC*, Guan RG, Botimer G, Inceoğlu S, Liu H. Degradation of Bioresorbable Mg−4Zn−1Sr Intramedullary Pins and Associated Biological Responses in Vitro and in Vivo.
 ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. Epub 12/14/2017. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b15975. (PMID: 29239597)

67. Jiang W*, Rutherford D*, Liu H. Nanomaterials for Treating Cardiovascular Diseases: A Review. Bioactive Materials. 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.bioactmat.2017.11.002.

Johnson I*, Jiang W*,  Liu H. The Effect of Serum Proteins on Magnesium Alloy Degradation in VitroScientific Reports.14335(2017). DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-14479-6

Cipriano AF*, Lin J*, Miller C*, Lin A*, Cortez Alcaraz MC*, Soria P*, Liu HAnodization of Magnesium for Biomedical Applications - Processing, Characterization, Degradation and Cytocompatibility. Acta Biomaterialia. S1742-7061(17)30516-0. DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2017.08.017. (PMID: 28818688)

64. Jiang W*, Tian Q*, Vuong T*, Shashaty M*, Gopez C*, Sanders T*, and Liu HComparison Study on Four Biodegradable Polymer Coatings for Controlling Magnesium Degradation and Human Endothelial Cell Adhesion and Spreading. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering. 3(6): 936-950, May 17, 2017. DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.7b00215.

63. Mesbah Oskui S, Bhakta HC, Diamante G, Liu H, Schlenk D, Grover WH. Measuring the Mass, Volume, and Density of Microgram-sized  Objects in Fluid. PLoS ONE. 12(4): e0174068. 2017. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174068. (PMID: 28379982) (Co-author paper with Dr. William Grover)

62. Cipriano AF*, Sallee A*, Guan RG, Lin A*, and Liu HA Comparison Study on the Degradation and Cytocompatibility of Mg-4Zn-xSr Alloys in Direct Culture. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering. 3(4): 540-550, February 15, 2017. DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.           6b00684.

61. Wang Y, Guan R, Hou D, Zhang Y, Jiang W*, and Liu HThe Effects of Eutectic Silicon on Grain Refinement in an Al–Si Alloy Processed by Accumulative Continuous Extrusion Forming. Journal of Materials Science. 52(2): 1137-1148, January 2017. DOI: 10.1007/s10853-016-0409-3. (Co-author paper with Dr. Renguo Guan)


60. Cipriano AF*, Sallee A*, Tayoba M*, Cortez Alcaraz MC*, Lin A*, Guan RG, Zhao ZY*, Tayoba M*, Sanchez J*, and Liu H. Cytocompatibility and Early Inflammatory Response of Human Endothelial Cells in Direct Culture with Mg-Zn-Sr Alloys. Acta Biomaterialia. 16: 30547-5, 2016. Epub ahead of print 10/13/2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2016.10.020. (PMID: 27746360)

59. Tian Q*, Rivera-Castaneda L*, Liu H. Optimization of nano-hydroxyapatite/poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) coatings on magnesium substrates using one-step electrophoretic depositionMaterials Letters. 2016. Available online 19 September 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2016.09.072.

58. Tian Q*, Deo M*, Rivera-Castaneda L*, Liu H. Cytocompatibility of Magnesium Alloys with Human Urothelial Cells: A Comparison of Three Culture Methodologies. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering. 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.6b00325.

57. Su N, Guan R, Wang X, Wang Y, Jiang W*, Liu H. Grain Refinement in an Al-Er Alloy during Accumulative Continuous Extrusion Forming. Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 680: 283-290, 2016.

56. Johnson I*, Wang SM*, Silken C*, Liu H. A systemic study on key parameters affecting nanocomposite coatings on magnesium substrates. Acta Biomaterialia. 2016 Mar 19. pii: S1742-7061(16)30120-9. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2016.03.026. [PMID: 27006335]

54. Tie D, Guan R, Liu H, Cipriano A*, Liu Y, Wang Q, Huang Y, Hort N. An In Vivo Study on the Metabolism and Osteogenic Activity of Bioabsorbable Mg-1Sr Alloy. Acta Biomaterialia. 2016 Jan 1;29:455-467. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2015.11.014. Epub 2015 Nov 11. (PMID: 26577986)


53. Wang P, Xia M, Liang O, Sun K, Cipriano AF*, Schroeder T, Liu H, Xie YH. Label-free SERS Selective Detection of Dopamine and Serotonin Using Graphene-Au Nanopyramid Heterostructure. Analytical Chemistry. 87(20): 10255-10261. 2015. Epub ahead of print, Sep 18, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.5b01560. (PMID: 26382549)

52. Zhang N*, Lock J*, Sallee A*, and Liu H. Magnetic Nanocomposite Hydrogel for Potential Cartilage Tissue Engineering: Synthesis, Characterization, and Cytocompatibility with Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. Accepted 08/28/2015. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b06939. (PMID: 26360342)

51. Zhao ZY, Guan RG, Guan XH, Zhang J, Sun XP, Liu H. Effects of Electromagnetic Stirring, Shearing, and Extrusion on TiB2 and TiAl3 Particles in Al-5Ti-1B (wt.%) Alloy. Materials and Manufacturing Processes. 0: 1-6, 2015. DOI: 10.1080/10426914.2015.1019109.

50. Iskandar ME, Aslani A, Tian Q*, and Liu H. Nanostructured calcium phosphate coatings on magnesium alloys: characterization and cytocompatibility with mesenchymal stem cells. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine 26(5): 1-18, 2015. DOI:

49. Tian Q*, and Liu H. Electrophoretic Deposition and Characterization of Nanocomposites and Nanoparticles on Magnesium Substrates. Nanotechnology. 26(17): 175102, 2015. DOI:10.1088/0957-4484/26/17/175102

48. Nguyen TY*, Cipriano AF*, Guan R, Zhao Z, and Liu H. In Vitro Interactions of Blood, Platelet, and Fibroblast with Biodegradable Magnesium-Zinc-Strontium Alloys. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. Accepted 02/17/2015. Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.35429. (PMID: 25690931)


47. Cipriano AF*, Sallee A*, Guan RG, Zhao ZY, Tayoba M*, Sanchez J*, Liu H. Investigation on Magnesium-Zinc-Calcium Alloys and Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cell Responses in Direct Culture. Acta Biomaterialia. 12(1): 298-321, 2015. Online First, 10/15/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2014.10.018.

46. Mai ED*, and Liu H. Investigation on Magnesium Degradation under Flow versus Static Conditions using a Novel Impedance-Driven Flow Apparatus. Progress in Natural Science: Materials International. 24: 554-560, 2014. Online 10/28/2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.pnsc.2014.08.012.

45. Tian Q*, and Liu H. Electrophoretic Deposition and Characterization of Biocomposites on Magnesium for Orthopedic Applications. Advanced Materials Research. 922: 761-766, 2014.

44. Nguyen TY*, Guan R, Cipriano AF*, Zhao Z, and Liu H. Characterization of Magnesium Alloy Degradation in Whole Blood and Platelet Rich Plasma. Advanced Materials Research. 922: 543-548, 2014.

43. Miller C*, Cipriano AF*, and Liu H. Surface Characterization of Magnesium Anodized in a 10M KOH Electrolyte. Advanced Materials Research. 922: 513-518, 2014.

42. Johnson I*, Islam MS, Park BH, and Liu H. Investigation of Biodegradable Composite Coated Magnesium Alloy Using Optical Coherence Tomography. Advanced Materials Research. 922: 292-297, 2014.

41. Cipriano AF*, Miller C*, and Liu H. Cytocompatibility of Magnesium-Zinc-Calcium Alloys with Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Advanced Materials Research. 922: 1-6, 2014.

40. Lock JY*, Tu J*, and Liu H. Degradation of Magnesium Alloys in Artificial Urine Solution for Urological Applications. Materials Science Forum. 783-786: 413-418, 2014.

39. Cipriano AF*, Miller C*, and Liu H. Anodic Growth and Biomedical Applications of TiO2 Nanotubes. Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology. 10(10): 2977-3003, 2014.

38. Sebaa M*, Nguyen TY*, Dhillon S*, Garcia S*, and Liu H. The Effects of Poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) Coating on Magnesium Degradation and Cytocompatibility with Human Embryonic Stem Cells for Potential Neural Applications. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. Online First, 3/5/2014. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.35142. (PMID: 24677580)


37. Jiang W*, Johnson I*, and Liu H. Nanostructured Coatings Improve Properties of Biodegradable Metals for Medical Implants. SurFACTS in Biomaterials. 8(4): 10-13, 2013. (Invited)

36. Nguyen TY*, Liew CG, Liu H. An In Vitro Mechanism Study on the Proliferation and Pluripotency of Human Embryonic Stems Cells in Response to Magnesium Degradation. PLoS ONE 8(10): e76547. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076547. 10/17/2013.

35. Cipriano AF*, De Howitt N*, Gott SC, Miller C*, Rao MP, Liu H. Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Adhesion and Morphology on Micro- and Sub-micropatterned Titanium. Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology. 10(4): 660-668(9), 2014. Accepted 7/8/2013.

34. Johnson I*, Akari K*, Liu H. Nanostructured Hydroxyapatite/Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) Composite Coating for Controlling Magnesium Degradation in Simulated Body Fluid. Nanotechnology. 24(37): 375103, Epub 08/23/2013. DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/37/375103. (PMID: 23975041)

33. Lock JY*, Wyatt E*, Upadhyayula S, Whall A*, Nunez V, Vullev VI, Liu H. Degradation and Antibacterial Properties of Magnesium Alloys in Artificial Urine for Potential Resorbable Ureteral Stent Applications. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.34741. Online First, 4/2/2013. (PMID: 23564415)

32. Johnson I*, Liu H. A Study on Factors Affecting the Degradation of Magnesium and A Magnesium-Yttrium Alloy for Biomedical Applications. PLOS ONE 8(6): e65603. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065603. 6/14/2013. (PMID: 23799028)

31. Guan R, Cipriano AF*, Zhao Z, Lock JY*, Tie D, Zhao T, Cui T, Liu H. Development and Evaluation of a Magnesium-Zinc-Strontium Alloy for Biomedical Applications - Alloy Processing, Microstructure, Mechanical Properties, and Biodegradation. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 33(7): 3661-3669, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2013.04.054. Online First, 5/3/2013.

30. Nguyen TY*, Liu H. A Review of Current Advances in Biomaterials for Neural Tissue Regeneration. Recent Patents on Biomedical Engineering. 6: 29-39, 2013.

29. Iskandar ME*, Aslani A, Liu H. The Effects of Nanostructured Hydroxyapatite Coating on the Biodegradation and Cytocompatibility of Magnesium Implants. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 101A(8): 2340-2354, 2013. DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.34530, Epub ahead of print, 1/28/2013. (PMID: 23359521)

28. Cipriano AF*, Zhao T, Johnson I*, Guan R, Garcia S*, Liu H. In vitro Degradation of Four Magnesium-Zinc-Strontium Alloys and Their Cytocompatibility with Human Embryonic Stem Cells. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. 24(4): 989-1003, 2013. DOI 10.1007/s10856-013-4853-1, Online First, 1/30/2013. (PMID: 23361966)

27. Sebaa M*, Dhillon S*, Liu H. Electrochemical Deposition and Evaluation of Electrically Conductive Polymer Coating on Biodegradable Magnesium Implants for Neural Applications. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. 24(2): 307-316, 2013. DOI: 10.1007/s10856-012-4796-y, Online First, 10/27/2012. (PMID: 23104085)

26. Sebaa M*, Nguyen TY*, Paul RK, Mulchandani A, Liu H. Graphene and Carbon Nanotube-Graphene Hybrid Nanomaterials for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Culture. Materials Letters. 92: 122-125, 2013. DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2012.10.035, 11/12/2012 online first.


25. Li JY, Liu H, and Huang PW. Effects of Pre-precipitation of Cr2N on Microstructures and Properties of High Nitrogen Stainless Steel. Journal of Central South University of Technology. 19(5): 1189-1195, 2012. DOI: 10.1007/s11771-012-1127-x

24. Lock JY*, Nguyen TY*, Liu H. Nanophase Hydroxyapatite and Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Composites Promote Human Mesenchymal Stem Cell Adhesion and Osteogenic Differentiation In Vitro. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine. 23(10): 2543-2552, 2012. DOI: 10.1007/s10856-012-4709-0, July 9th, 2012 online first. (PMID: 22772475)

23. Lock JY*, Liu H. Nanotechnology Enabled Drug Delivery Systems for Bone and Cartilage Regeneration. Recent Patents on Biomedical Engineering. 5: 51-56, 2012.

22. Johnson I*, Liu H. In vitro Evaluation of Magnesium-based Metallic Biomaterials and the Need for Standardization. Biomaterials Forum. 34(4): 9-14, 2012. 

21. Guan R, Johnson I*, Cui T, Zhao T, Zhao Z, Li X, and Liu H. Electrodeposition of Hydroxyapatite Coating on Mg-4.0Zn-1.0Ca-0.6Zr Alloy and In Vitro Evaluation of Degradation, Hemolysis and Cytotoxicity. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 100A(4): 999-1015, 2012. (PMID: 22307984)

20. Johnson I*, Perchy D*, Liu H. In vitro Evaluation of the Surface Effects on Magnesium-Yttrium Alloy Degradation and Mesenchymal Stem Cell Adhesion. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 100A(2): 477-485, 2012. Available online (DOI: 10.1002/jbm.a.33290) 29 November 2011. (PMID: 22125092)


19. Lock JY*, Liu H.  Nanomaterials Enhanced Osteogenic Differentiation of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells Similar to a Short Peptide of BMP-7. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 6: 2769-2777. 2011. (PMID: 22114505)
18. Liu HThe Effects of Surface and Biomolecules on Magnesium Degradation and Mesenchymal Stem Cell Adhesion. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 99A(2): 249-260, 2011. Available online 16 August 2011. (PMID: 21976450)

17. Liu H and Webster TJ. Enhanced Biological and Mechanical Properties of Well-Dispersed Nanophase Ceramics in Polymer Composites: From 2D to 3D Printed Structures. Materials Science and Engineering: C. 31(2): 77-89, 2011. Available online 3 August 2010.


16. Liu H and Webster TJ. Mechanical Properties of Dispersed Ceramic Nanoparticles in Polymer Composites for Orthopedic Applications. International Journal of Nanomedicine. 5: 299-313, 2010.
(PMID: 20463945)

15. Liu H and Webster TJ. Ceramic/Polymer Nanocomposites with Tunable Drug Delivery Capability at Specific Disease Sites. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 93(3): 1180-1192, 2010. Epub ahead of print, Sep 23, 2009. (PMID: 19777574)


14. Liu H, Jiang W and Malshe A. Novel Nanostructured Hydroxyapatite Coating for Dental and Orthopedic Implants.
JOM. 61(9): 67-69, 2009. September 2009.

13. Ergun C, Liu H and Webster TJ. Osteoblast Adhesion on Novel Machinable Calcium Phosphate/Lanthanum Phosphate Composites for Orthopedic Applications. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A. 89(3): 727-733, 2009. Epub ahead of print, May 7, 2008. (PMID: 18464257)


Liu H, Yazici H, Ergun C and Webster TJ. An In Vitro Evaluation of the Ca/P Ratio Factor in Cytocompatibility of Nano-to-Micron Particulate Calcium Phosphates for Bone Regeneration.  Acta Biomaterialia. 4(5): 1472-1479, 2008.
(PMID: 18394980)
* Rated as ScienceDirect Top 25 Hottest Articles; Acta Annual Award Paper

11. Ergun C, Liu H, Webster TJ, Olcay E, Yilmaz S and Sahin FC. Increased Osteoblast Adhesion on Nanoparticulate Calcium Phosphates with Higher Ca/P Ratios. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research A. 85(1): 236-241, 2008. (PMID: 17688268)


10. Ergun C, Liu H, Halloran JW and Webster TJ. 
Increased Osteoblast Adhesion on Nanograined Hydroxyapatite and Tricalcium Phosphate Containing Calcium Titanate. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 80A(4): 990-997, 2007.
(PMID: 17120201)

9. Liu H and Webster TJ. The Promise of Aerosol Printed 3D Nanostructured Ceramic/Polymer Composites as Next Generation Orthopedic Tissue Engineering Scaffolds. Materials and Processes for Medical Devices. July 2007; Featured at

8. Liu H and Webster TJ. Nanomedicine for Implants: A Review of Studies and Necessary Experimental Tools. Biomaterials. 28(2): 354-369, 2007. (PMID: 17049982)
*Rated as ScienceDirect Top 25 Hottest Articles


7. Liu H, Slamovich EB and Webster TJ. Increased Osteoblast Functions among Nanophase Titania/Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) Composites of the Highest Nanometer Surface Roughness.  Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. 78A(4): 798-807, 2006.
(PMID: 16741979)

6. Liu H, Slamovich EB and Webster TJ. Less Harmful Acidic Degradation of Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds Through Titania Nanoparticle Addition.  International Journal of Nanomedicine. 1(4): 541 545, 2006. (PMID: 17722285)


5. Palin E, Liu H, and Webster TJ. Mimicking the Nanofeatures of Bone Increases Bone-forming Cell Adhesion and Proliferation. Nanotechnology. 16(9): 1828-1835, 2005.

4. Liu H, Slamovich EB and Webster TJ. Increased Osteoblast Functions on Nanophase Titania Dispersed in Poly-lactic-co-glycolic Acid Composites. Nanotechnology. 16(7):S601-608, 2005.

3. Liu H, Slamovich EB and Webster TJ. Increased Osteoblast Functions on Poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid with Highly Dispersed Nanophase Titania. Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology. 1(1): 83-89, 2005.


2. Liu H and Xie J. Database System for Design of Extrusion Dies. Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing/Beijing Ke Ji Da Xue Xue Bao. 23(1): 63-72, 2001.

1. Chen J, Xie J and Liu H. Extrusion Characteristics of Composite Powders of Stainless Steel and Zirconia.  Journal of University of Science and Technology Beijing/Beijing Ke Ji Da Xue Xue Bao. 19(6): 590-598, 1997.